In Part I of this series we considered how safe your personal data is and how quickly fraudsters could use it, then in Part II we considered how to keep it safe. Now we consider how to recover your money in the event that you’re scammed, after a brief recap



  • Within 3 minutes of liking a post on Facebook people were startled at the personal data appearing on their take away coffee cups #datatogo

  • Scam victims lose an average of £20k to fraudsters

  • Fraud costs the UK £6k per second, £3k per head of population

    Keep safe 

  • Conduct data health checks

  • Do your due diligence

  • Be cautious

  • Take action


Credit card payments

Credit card providers generally provide better ‘insurance’ for recovering funds if you’ve been defrauded – contact them immediately setting out the circumstances. For example, providers currently share liability with a retailer if the latter becomes insolvent, fails to deliver or if an item is faulty (section 75 of the Consumer Credit Act 1974)

Criminal prosecution 

If the police pursue your case and the CPS agree to prosecute, a restraint order will likely be obtained thus freezing the assets of the offending individuals and/or entities. Then, upon successfully prosecuting, a confiscation order can be obtained whereby the assets can be recovered and realised by the authorities to the extent of the fraud and the benefits thereof. Compensation claims can be filed by the victims to help recover from these realisations the money they have lost. Note that the burden of proof in criminal prosecution is high – beyond reasonable doubt. Also, the investigations of the police and the CPS are confidential; the victim has no control over the process

Private prosecution

Can be brought by any company or individual and is often used if a matter is not pursued by the police, or in the event of unsuccessful criminal prosecution. The client has more control and the process is more focussed and efficient. The burden of proof is lower, being based on the balance of probabilities. However, the client will bear the cost of prosecution subject to a costs order being obtained

Civil litigation

The focus is on recovery rather than punishment, so proprietary tracing claims can be established, freezing orders can be obtained and settlements are permissible. The process is much more flexible and influenced by the client, who is responsible for costs subject to a costs order being obtained

Insolvency procedures

  • Liquidation (companies)

  • The Companies Investigation Branch may recommend BIS issue a winding-up petition on the grounds of public interest. Upon a winding-up order being made a liquidator will be appointed, whose role is to identify, preserve and realise the assets of a company for the benefit of its creditors. They will also investigate the conduct of the directors and the affairs of the company, having the power to seek compulsion of provision of information/property and to pursue appropriate claims for recovery to the liquidation estate. This is a civil procedure that can exist in tandem with other proceedings whether criminal or civil. If the onset of liquidation is prior to other criminal or civil court orders, liquidation will take priority and vice-versa. Liquidators and the costs of liquidation are paid out of the realisations into the liquidation estate

  • Victims of fraud/creditors can also petition, separately or collectively, for a winding-up order with a minimum debt threshold of £750

  • Bankruptcy (individuals)

  • Bankruptcy is similar to liquidation. Victims of fraud/creditors can petition, separately or collectively, for a bankruptcy order with a minimum debt threshold of £5,000

If you want to recover money lost to scams or fraudulent activity, contact for further information and/or assistance